ЧОРНОМОРСЬКИЙ БОТАНIЧНИЙ ЖУРНАЛ • ЧЕРНОМОРСКИЙ БОТАНИЧЕСКИЙ ЖУРНАЛ • CHORNOMORSKI BOTANICAL JOURNAL

Moysiyenko Ivan Ivanovich, Barbara Sudnik-Wójcikowska

The Flora of Kurgans in the Desert Steppe Zone of Southern Ukraine

Abstract

Moysiyenko I.I., B. Sudnik-Wójcikowska 2006:The Flora of Kurgans in the Desert Steppe Zone of Southern Ukraine. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 5-35. ISSN 1990-553X

 

Results of the studies on biodiversity of the kurgan flora in the desert steppe of the Black Sea Lowland (the southern part of Kherson Region) are presented. Twenty-six of about 130 kurgans higher than 3 m, distributed over an area of approx. 1500 km2, were surveyed. The kurgan flora was estimated at 305 species; the number of species on particular kurgans ranged from 48 to 103, 82 on average. The species of particularly high floristic value were: Allium regelianum, Anacamptis picta (= Orchis picta), Cerastium ucrainicum, Dianthuslanceolatus, Linaria biebersteinii, Muscari neglectum, Senecio borysthenicus, Stipa capillata, and Tulipa schrenkii. The spectrum of life forms of the kurgans flora generally corresponded to the spectrum for the desert steppe zone (almost a half of the flora consisted of therophytes and short-living perennials). Species of alien origin constituted 23% of the kurgans flora, which does not indicate significant anthropogenic influence. Species with wide Mediterranean-Eurasian ranges predominated among anthropophytes. Only 9 species were the synanthropic newcomers, i.e. kenophytes. The phytosociological range of the kurgans flora was quite wide. Species of two classes, Festuco-Brometea and Stellarietea mediae were predominant, which also confirmed the semi-natural character of the kurgan flora. The kurgans constitute a distinctive element of the southern Ukraine landscape. The state of preservation of their plant cover varies. Floristic richness, a share of rare and protected species, as well as shares of non-synanthropic (steppe and halophilous) species can be assumed as the criteria for its assessment. The recommendations regarding kurgans that should be under protection, not only as archaeological sites but also as nature monuments, was based on these assessment criteria.


Doroshenko K.V.

Parameters Changes in Coenopopulations of Galanthus nivalis L.According to Different Ecological and Coenotic Conditions (Lviv Region, Ukraine)

Abstract

Doroshenko K.V. 2006:Parameters Changes in Coenopopulations of Galanthus nivalis L.According to Different Ecological and Coenotic Conditions (Lviv Region, Ukraine). Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 36-49. ISSN 1990-553X

 

The results of investigation of the Galanthus nivalis L. coenopopulations parametresin different ecological and coenotical conditions are presented. The demographical (age structure, renewal index, density) and reproductive (factual and potential seed production, index of the seed production, harvest, reproductive effort) coenopopulation’s parameters are analysed. According to different ecological and coenotic conditions primary R-strategy can change to the secondary R-S strategy or can have some traits of R-strategy.


Korsakova S.P, Rabotyagov V.D., Vinogradov B.A.

A Model of Ecological and Genetic Control over Thymol Biosynthesis in Essential Oil of Thymus L.

Abstract

Korsakova S.P, Rabotyagov V.D., Vinogradov B.A. 2006:A Model of Ecological and Genetic Control over Thymol Biosynthesis in Essential Oil of Thymus L. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 50-59. ISSN 1990-553X

 

The environment at limiting factors in the Southern coast of the Crimea determine intensity of thymol biosynthesis in essential oil of Thymus vulgaris L., Th. pulegioides L. and Th. striatus Vahl. other during period. The model of ecological and genetic control thymol biosynthesis in essential oil Thymus L. is appied to the basic ontogeny phases.


Shapoval V.V.

The Endemic Element in Flora of Dnieper Left-Bank Grass Steppe Depressions

Abstract

Shapoval V.V. 2006:The Endemic Element in Flora of Dnieper Left-Bank Grass Steppe Depressions. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 60-78. ISSN 1990-553X

 

The article presents analysis of the endemic element in flora of Dnieper Left-Bank Grass Steppe of Ukraine. The basis of the endemic kernel of flora is formed by the Black Sea geographical elements. The endemic kernel consists of the local (Dnieper-Molochna) euendemics, confined and extensive hemiendemics. The endemic complex of the depressions includes 72 species. The endemism level is 14,60%. Cholorogically, the are the endemic flora of the depressions 4 florogenetical vectors (base types) Pannonian, Caspian, local Dnieper, and Sivash-Crimean which are clearly marked. The florogenetic connections of the territory are realized in concrete groups of the area, arealogic disjunctions, and vicarism of the endemic taxa or taxonomical complexes of this and adjoining phytochores. Vicarism of the neoendemics reflects the latitudinal-zonal connections of the depression flora of the Dnieper Left-Bank Grass Steppe, with flora of the Pannonian Lowland, the Dnieper Right-Bank Grass Steppe, and regions of the Sea of Azov, the Lower Don, the Caspian Sea, and Balkhash. Domination of the neoendemics and progressiveness of endemism of flora of the depressions mirror of geological youth of the territory studied, development of the Pontic and the local Low Dnieper floristic centres.


Mashtaler A.V.

Morphological Variability of Aulacomnium palustre (Hedw.) Schwaegr. (Aulacomniaceae, Bryopsida) in Human Transformed Environment of South-Eastern Ukraine

Abstract

Mashtaler A.V. 2006:Morphological Variability of Aulacomnium palustre (Hedw.) Schwaegr. (Aulacomniaceae, Bryopsida) in Human Transformed Environment of South-Eastern Ukraine. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 79-86. ISSN 1990-553X

 

A new South-east en Ukraine a species of moss Aulacomnium palustre (Hedw.) Schwaegr. is found. Anatomic and morphological character of this species are carefully investigated in the three populations. Index of variation and index of correlation are calculated. Possible ways of migrating Aulacomnium palustre to the Donetsk region are discussed.


Tyschenko O.D., Androusiva L.V., Rybalko J.M.

Polymorphism of Root System Medicago L. Subgenus Falcago (Rchb.) Grossh

Abstract

Tyschenko O.D., Androusiva L.V., Rybalko J.M.  2006:Polymorphism of Root System Medicago L. Subgenus Falcago (Rchb.) Grossh. Chornomors'k. bot. z. Том 2, № 1: 87-92. ISSN 1990-553X

 

The ramified tap root system is predominated in plants of the taxon. Such characters of lateral roots as their number, thickness and presence of small nairs defermine volume of root system and can be used as an index of its power.


Mosyakin S.L.

Оn Distribution of Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte (Asteraceae) and Related Alien Species in Ukraine

Abstract

Mosyakin S.L. 2006:Оn Distribution of Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte (Asteraceae) and Related Alien Species in Ukraine. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 93-97. ISSN 1990-553X

 

Trends of distribution and dispersal of alien species of the Artemisia vulgaris L. aggregate (Asteraceae) in Ukraine are discussed. New localities of A. verlotiorum Lamotte in Crimea (Nikita, Gurzuf) are reported. Previously this alien species was known from the Nikita Botanical Garden, but recent herbarium collections from Crimea were lacking. Thus, the occurrence of A. verlotiorum in the Crimea is reconfirmed. New finds of alien species of Artemisia sect. Artemisia in Ukraine are expected and thus Ukrainian botanists should pay more attention to that group. Some aspects of taxonomy and geography of the group are considered.


Khodosovtsev A.Ye.

New for Crimean Peninsula Species of Lichens

Abstract

Khodosovtsev A.Ye. 2006:New for Crimean Peninsula Species of Lichens. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 98-103. ISSN 1990-553X

 

The data about locations and ecology for 25 new for Crimean peninsula species of lichens: Acarospora umbilicata Bagl., Arthonia pruinata (Pers.) A.L. Sm., Aspicilia maculata (H. Magn.) Oxn., Bacidia subincomta (Nyl.) Arnold, Bryoria bicolor (Ehrh.) Brodo & Hawksw., Caloplaca ammiospila (Wahlenb.) H. Oliv., Catinaria atropurpurea (Schaer.) Vĕzda & Poelt, Collema limosum (Ach.) Ach., Endocarpon pusillum Hedwig, Hymenelia ceracea (Arnold) M. Choisy, Lecidella flavosorediata (Vĕzda) Hertel & Leuckert, L. scabra (Taylor) Hertel & Leuckert, Leptogium cyanescens (Rabenh.) Körb., L. intermedium (Arnold) Arnold, Micarea bauchiana (Körb.) V. Wirt & Vĕzda, Ochrolechia szatalensis Vers., Opegrapha rupestris Pers., Oxneria falax (Hepp.) S. Kondr. & Kärnef., Phaeophyscia ciliata (Hoffm.) Moberg, Phaeophyscia sciastra (Ach.) Moberg, Ramalina dilacerata (Hoffm.) Hoffm., Strigula stigmatella (Ach.) R.C. Harris, Trapelia obtegens (Th.Fr.) Hertel, Thelidium zwackii (Hepp.) A. Massal., Thrombium epigeum (Pers.) Wallr. are provided.


Moysiyenko I.I., Yena Аn.V.

Veronica arguteserrata Reg. et Schmalh. – – a New Alien Species for Ukrainian Flora

Abstract

Moysiyenko I.I., Yena Аn.V. 2006:Veronica arguteserrata Reg. et Schmalh. – a New Alien Species for Ukrainian Flora. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 104-107. ISSN 1990-553X

 

The Asian species Veronica arguteserrata that had been slowly penetrating to Europeis first found in Odessa (Ukraine).


Vakarenko L.P., Dubyna D.V.

Phytocoenofund’s Rarities in Fruticose, Fruticulose and Herbaceous Vegetation of Southern Ukraine

Abstract

Vakarenko L.P., Dubyna D.V. 2006:Phytocoenofund’s Rarities in Fruticose, Fruticulose and Herbaceous Vegetation of Southern Ukraine. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 108-115. ISSN 1990-553X

 

An analysis of contemporary state of phytocoenotic diversity of south en Ukraine and principal anthropogenic factors that determine its degradation is provided. In spite of extensive human impact, the region in is characterized by high floristic (more than 2000 species of vascular plants) and coenotic (more than 280 associations) diversity. It is stressed that because of mezophytization, the degradation of steppe communities takes place in reserved and neglected areas. To conserve steppe vegetation it is suggested to use a model of low-intensive farm industry. An overview of the problems of settins the regional econet and the second edition of the Green Data Book of Ukraine is considered. A list of rare, endangered and vulnerable fruticose, fruticulose and herbaceous plain communities in the rank of association is proposed of Southern Ukraine. A short sozological characteristic for each of them is given.


Partyka L.Ya., Virchenko V.M., Nyporko S.O.

Contribution to the Bryoflora of the “Granite-Steppe Pobuzhya” Regional Landscape Park

Abstract

Partyka L.Ya., Virchenko V.M., Nyporko S.O. 2006:Contribution to the Bryoflora of the “Granite-Steppe Pobuzhya” Regional Landscape Park.  Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 116-122. ISSN 1990-553X

 

The bryophyte flora of the “Granite-steppe Pobuzhya” RLP (the Mykolaiv region, Southen Ukraine) includes 76 species of 51 genera and 25 families belonging to two divisions: Marchantiophyta (8 spp.) and Bryophyta (68 spp.). There are many typical and rare petricolous bryophytes in this territory: xeric species Oxymitra incrassata (Brot.) Sergio et Sim-Sim, Mannia fragrans (Balbis) Frye et L.Clark, Entosthodon hungaricus (Boros) Loeske etc., and hydrophytic ones Cinclidotus fontinaloides (Hedw.) P.Beauv., Fissidens crassipes Wilson ex Bruch et Schimp., Fontinalis antipyretica Hedw. Among them C. fontinaloides and Entosthodon fascicularis (Hedw.) Müll.Hal. are reported for the first time for the steppe zone of Ukraine.


Peregrym M. M.

New Data about Distribution of Rare Plant Species in Donetsky Chain of Hills Territory

Abstract

Peregrym M. M. 2006:New Data about Distribution of Rare Plant Species in Donetsky Chain of Hills Territory.Chornomors'k. bot. z.,  vol. 2, № 1: 123-128. ISSN 1990-553X

 

78 new locations of 28 regional rare plant species: Adoxa moschatelliana L., Anemone sylvestris L., Artemisia salsoloides Willd., Arum elongatum Steven, Asplenium septentrionale (L.) Hoffm., A. trichomanes L., Astragalus pubiflorus DC., A. henningii (Steven) Klokov, Centaurea rutenica Lam., C. tanaitica Klokov, Cerastium pseudobulgaricum Klokov, Chamaecytisus lindemanii (V.Krecz.) Klásková, Corydalis paczoskii N.Busch, Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh., Gagea bohemica (Zauschn.) Schult. et Schult., Dianthus elongatus C.A. Mey., D. pallidiflorus Ser., Echium russicum J.F. Gmel., Iris halophila Pall., Jurinea centauroides Klokov, Hyacinthella pallasiana (Steven) Losinsk, Linaria macroura (M.Bieb.) M.Bieb, Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten., Petasites hybridus (L.) P.Gaertn., Mey. et Schreb., Physalis alkekengi L., Polygala cretacea Kotov, Scorzonera purpurea L., Viola cretacea Klokov are found in the Donetsky chain of hills in 2001-2005.


Yena An.V.

The Review of V.V. Shapoval’sManuscript of Article “The Endemic Element in Flora of Dnieper of the Left-Bank Grass Steppe Depressions”

 

Yena An.V. 2006:The Review of V.V. Shapoval’sManuscript of Article “The Endemic Element in Flora of Dnieper of the Left-Bank Grass Steppe Depressions”. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 129-130. ISSN 1990-553X

 


Shapoval V.V.

On the Problem of Floristic Endemism (the Answer to the Review)

 

Shapoval V.V. 2006:On the Problem of Floristic Endemism (the Answer to the Review) Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 131-133. ISSN 1990-553X

 


Yena An.V.

The Two Keys Concepts in Plant Geography per analogiam

 

Yena An.V. 2006:P.S. The Two Keys Concepts in Plant Geography per analogiam. Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 133. ISSN 1990-553X

 


Boiko M.F., Khodosovtsev A.Ye.

The First Public Congress of the Kherson Region Phytobyologists (April 6, 2006, Kherson)

 

Boiko M.F., Khodosovtsev A.Ye. 2006:The First Public Congress of the Kherson Region Phytobyologists (April 6, 2006, Kherson). Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 134-135. ISSN 1990-553X

 


Boiko M.F., Tcherefftchenco T.M., Levon F.M., Kosenko I.S., Khodosovtsev A.Ye, Illyenko O.O., Galkin S.I., Moysiyenko I.I., Svidenko Vl.A., Svidenko L.V., Karnatowska M.Yu., Khudoley V.M.

Derevjanko Vasyl’ Mykolajovych (to 60 Years of his Birthday)

 

Boiko M.F., Tcherefftchenco T.M., Levon F.M., Kosenko I.S., Khodosovtsev A.Ye, Illyenko O.O., Galkin S.I., Moysiyenko I.I., Svidenko Vl.A., Svidenko L.V., Karnatowska M.Yu., Khudoley V.M. 2006:Derevjanko Vasyl’ Mykolajovych (to 60 Years of his Birthday). Chornomors'k. bot. z., vol. 2, № 1: 136-137. ISSN 1990-553X